August 19, 2020
Sixty years ago, on August 19, 1960, a second satellite 1K, a prototype of the Vostok manned spacecraft, with the dogs Belka and Strelka on board, was launched into near-earth orbit. Besides them, there were mice, insects, plants, fungal crops, seeds, some types of microbes and other biological objects. This was the first orbital flight of living beings with a successful return to Earth.
Sergei Korolev personally supervised the preparation of the expedition. According to a special method, 12 dogs were selected: weight – up to 6 kilograms, height – up to 35 centimeters, age – from two to six years, light color. Outbreds Belka and Strelka proved to be the best in the group. The purpose of the experiment is to study the effect of space flight on living organisms, as well as to work out life support systems and return to Earth. The flight lasted more than 25 hours, during which time the ship made 17 complete revolutions around the Earth.
After the flight, the dogs lived in the Institute of Aviation and Space Medicine, from where they were taken to kindergartens and schools to be shown. A few months later Strelka gave birth to six absolutely healthy puppies. One of them was presented to the wife of US President John F. Kennedy, Jacqueline. Belka and Strelka lived to a ripe old age and died a natural death.
Belka and Strelka were the third canine crew sent into orbit. The dog Laika became a space pioneer in 1957. The journey of Belka and Strelka made it possible to draw conclusions about the possibility of man to make an orbital flight around the Earth. In the course of it, unique scientific data on the influence of space flight factors were obtained.
More from this category:
April 8, 2014

Roscosmos doesn’t elaborate any measures to give a response to NASA, – Roscosmos Head Deputy Denis Lykov stated. We do not see any ground for…

full story
September 26, 2019

The crew of the “Soyuz MS-15” spacecraft on September 26, 2019 went aboard the International Space Station. After this, the first communication session of the…

full story
February 20, 2020

The Russian members of the main crew of the “Soyuz MS-16” manned spacecraft, Roscosmos cosmonauts Nikolay Tikhonov and Andrey Babkin, will be replaced by backups…

full story
August 24, 2020

The preliminary date of the first launch of satellites of the Russian low-orbit communication system “Gonets” on the Soyuz-2.1b carrier rocket has been determined, the…

full story
May 22, 2014

On May 21 GCTC testing and Training complex of Baikonur spaceport opened its doors for Mass media representatives. Less than a week before the launch…

full story
March 12, 2014

The full name of the experiment is as follows “Determination of functional capabilities, physical working capacity level and state of main physiological systems of cosmonaut’s…

full story
July 18, 2014

Group of cosmonauts (admission 2012) started survival trainings under desert or near desert conditions at Baikonur. Several days ago they had a theoretical course and…

full story
December 18, 2018

On December 17 at the “Vostochny” cosmodrome a preparation of the spaceunits “Kanopus-B” № 5 and № 6 for launch continues. By now, the electrical…

full story