NliiAHB-Qxk
March 12, 2014
Categories: GCTC, NASA, Russia, Science, Soyuz

The full name of the experiment is as follows “Determination of functional capabilities, physical working capacity level and state of main physiological systems of cosmonaut’s body short after the spaceflight”.

Main organization: Russian Academy of Science institute for Biomedical problems

Co-researchers: NASA Johnson Space Centre, Gagarin Cosmonaut Training Centre

The matter of increasing flight duration as well as interplanetary flights matter are widely discussed at the present time. At the same time we know that cosmonauts’ working capability dramatically reduces  after long flight . Those functions affected by gravitation suffer the most e.g. vertical position of the body, walking, and due to the sensory systems disorder arising during the flight there are signs of motion disease. The severity of these signs differs but such of them as space orientation disorder and spatial motion construction disturbance are to be clearly seen.

Unfortunately the data available at the moment is of descriptive character that’s why  it is quite difficult to summarize and use to predict ergonomic situation in case the spacecraft lands at any other space object. There is no data on time dynamics, recovery processes in separate systems thus it is difficult to simulate the activities after landing to develop any preventive means and methods. In 50 years there were no systematic researches conducted on this matter while video data on moon walking and performing working operations on the Moon available now does not give any positive information.

Together with American researchers Russian Institute for Biomedical Problems developed the program of new experiment. This program includes registration of simple base motions characteristics such as rising from the chair or floor, walking along the flat surface, stepping over the obstacles, etc. as well as vertical stability and orthostatic reaction characteristics. All these tests have to be conducted at different time after landing, with the first one being performed directly in rescue tent at that.

The experiment is aimed to detect sensomotor and vascular functions disorder with the help of informative and simple tests that may be conducted by crew’s doctors or crew members themselves after the landing, to determine studied functions recovery dynamics, determine all risks and functional capabilities involved and optimize rehabilitation process.
The results of the experiment will enable:

-to determine the peculiarities of sensomotor and vascular systems functioning short after the landing;

- to assess the dynamics of functional working capability recovery which is of great importance for interplanetary flights preparation;

- to assess the prevention systems used by cosmonauts/astronauts;

In September 2013 such experiment was successfully carried out with two members of ISS-35/36 crew.

More from this category:
6150119422
November 7, 2016

Baikonur launchsite saw traditional flag-raising ceremony taking place at the pad #17 in front of Cosmonaut hotel. Roscosmos cosmonauts Oleg Novitsky and Fyodor Yurchikhin raised…

full story
524471507
June 25, 2014

Works on space head assembling for the future launch of Soyuz-2.1b booster with Meteor-M satellite and small space devices started at Baikonur spaceport. The specialists…

full story
ISS_full
March 5, 2014

ISS orbit is to be increased by 1,5 km with the help of Progress cargo vehicle thrusters docked with the station at night on March…

full story
1038353199
December 15, 2014

On Monday Soyuz-ST booster was rolled-out to the launchpad of Kurou spaceport, – Roscosmos press-office reports. “On December 15, 2014, in accordance with the decision…

full story
1042542609
April 23, 2015

On April 23, 2015 ISS performed debris avoidance maneuver. The orbit was adjusted to let the station avoid Meteor-2 space device debris. The orbit was…

full story
2hUGOOZf5FQ
June 20, 2014

The specialists go on working for ISS program realization. In 254 launchpad integration building of Baikonur spaceport two cargo space vehicles progress M-24M and Progress…

full story
Rokot
November 22, 2013

“Rokot” booster with 3 European Swarm satellites designed to study earth’s magnetic field was launched from Plesetsk spaceport, representative of Russian Defense Ministry press-office for…

full story
-FwiHfjUjpw
April 27, 2015

On April 26, 2015, according to the decision taken by State Commission rocket and space industry launching crews rolled-out Soyuz-2.1a booster with progress M-27M cargo…

full story