January 12, 2014
Categories: Defenсe, GCTC, Roscosmos

On January 11, 2014 world-famous Gagarin Cosmonaut Training Centre celebrated its 54th anniversary.

Situated in Star City (Moscow region), restricted area of GCTC is of great importance not only for Russian but for the world space exploration. Being a unique object equipped with unique cosmonaut training facilities it has been training all world cosmonauts and astronauts flying to the ISS.

The facility was originally known only as Military Unit 26266  and was a secret training base for Soviet Cosmonaut candidates. The site was chosen for its proximity to Moscow and other infrastructure that would be essential for its function: Chkalovsky Airbase, and the Yaroslavl railroad.

In 1969 it was named after Yuri Gagarin, the first man to fly in space. On April 2009, Russia President Dmitry Medvedev signed a presidential decree transferring the center from the Defence Ministry to the Russian Federal Space Agency (Roskosmos).

Among its facilities are Centrifuge TsF-18 used for cosmonaut selection and training by simulating the bad factors of space flight such as longitudinal g-load, physiological micro gravity, low cabin pressure, different temperatures, humidity, gas composition of the cabin’s air which is the biggest centrifuge in the world and has unique technical features; Hydrolaboratory that enables to practice extravehicular activities under conditions of neutral buoyancy using Orlan EVA spacesuit; full scale mockup of Mir space station, Russian ISS segment active simulator and many others. Moreover GCTC is a place when history and future of space exploration meet.

More from this category:
May 21, 2015

Russian Space Exhibition postponed due to the lack of guarantees from the British part will open in London on September 18, – British Science Museum…

full story
Angara-1.2 launch vehicle launched from Plesetsk Cosmodrome
October 20, 2022

On Saturday, October 15, 2022, at 22:55 Moscow time, Angara-1.2 light-class launch vehicle with a spacecraft of Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation was…

full story
July 15, 2014

Baikonur specialists finish preparation works before the launch of Soyuz-2.1a booster with Foton-M biosatellite and Progress M-24M cargo vehicle launch to the ISS both scheduled…

full story
April 8, 2020

The State Commission for conducting flight tests of manned space systems, chaired by Dmitry Rogozin, General Director of Roscosmos State Corporation, approved the composition of…

full story
December 25, 2014

On December 25, 2014 at 06.01, Moscow timeSoyuz-2.1b booster with telecommunication space device was successfully launched from #43 launchpad of Plesetsk State Test Spaceport. The…

full story
April 1, 2019

Today, on April 1, the “Soyuz-2.1a” rocket with a “Progress MS-11” cargo spaceship was rolled out from the Assembly and Testing Building and installed at…

full story
September 26, 2013

Soyuz-FG booster with new ISS crew onboard Soyuz TMA-10M spacecraft was launched from №1 launchpad (“Gagarin launch”) of Baikonur spaceport. The crew consists of Roscosmos…

full story
April 23, 2013

Soyuz-2.1b booster with Glonass-M spacecraft delivered to the launch pad of Plesetsk cosmodrome According to RIA Novosti, specialists of Plesetsk cosmodrome rolled Soyuz-2.1b booster with…

full story