July 17, 2013
Categories: IBMP, Russia, Satellites, Science

Russian scientists develop the idea of launching biological satellite to 200 000 km high orbit, – radiation protection department manager of Institute for Biomedical problems Vladislav Petrov reported to ITAR-TASS.

Like Bion-M satellite launched in April 2013 Vozvrat small space device will deliver biological objects to the space. The data received as a result of this experiment will enable to determine space radiation impact on living organism thus providing a basis for developing system protecting human organism from space radiation during Mars flight, – Petrov noted.

Vozvrat will be launched to 200 000 km high orbit apogee and after specified radiation exposure it will return back to the Earth.
At the present time we work over the substantial part of the project.

“TSNIIMASH set this task and Institute for Biomedical problems works over these issues to use possibilities available reasonably or to correct them”.

Satellite’s payload amounts to 300 kg. “It is too little to conduct serious experiment even on mice, – Petrov said. – The problem is how to build the structure of biological experiment to get the answers to all our questions under conditions of only 300 kg payload. We have some ideas but it is necessary that not only we but Roscosmos, TsSKB-Progress and TSNIIMASH are also interested in it.
In case of decision to put the project into life the satellite will be constructed by Samara Progress State Research and Production Space Centre. According to Petrov there is an idea of 2-stages project implementation: the first step is 1500 km high flight, to practice engineering and technical solutions, the second – to lunch Vozvrat to 200 000 km high orbit.

“We need to study the combined impact of radiation and other flight factors on biological objects under conditions of real space radiation. Vozvrat with its 1500 km height is suitable for this purpose as it flies in Earth radiation belt. Radiation exposure there exceeds exposure on low orbit 10-15 times. Then we will construct Vozvrat satellite flying at 200000 km height where cosmic rays exposure is the main factor affecting cosmonauts’ health”, – the scientist explained.

According to his predictions Institute for Biomedical Problems specialists have to work over all methodic aspects of this experiment by 2022 as well as to develop laboratory mock-ups of life-support equipment and conduct ground tests.
“If we launch Vozvrat in 2024 we will get the idea of how to protect the cosmonauts from radiation during Mars flight”, – Petrov concluded.

More from this category:
November 7, 2018

On November 7, 2018, at 03:47 Moscow time, the launch vehicle “Soyuz-ST-B” with the European meteorological spacecraft “MetOp-С” was launched from the cosmodrome of the…

full story
December 1, 2015

Russian state operator Satellite Communications Company put Express-AM8 into operation. “Upon completion of orbital testing Russian telecommunication satellite Express-AM8 was put into operation on December…

full story
September 1, 2014

Foton-M №4 space device successfully landed in Orenburg region in accordance with the estimated data on September 1, at 13.18, Moscow time. Space device   was designed…

full story
September 12, 2013

Plesetsk spaceport is ready for the launch of Soyuz-2.1v light booster, – Aerospace Defense troops Commander Alexander Golovko reported on Thursday. “According to the place…

full story
November 9, 2015

ISS flight schedule of russian spacecrafts was changed since the first launch of Progress MS new generation cargo vehicle was shifted from November to December. “Because…

full story
January 12, 2015

Dear space fans, Take your chance! Vegitel Tour Company continues the program of Zero Gravity flights onboard Ilyushin-76 MDK, the world’s biggest plane able to…

full story
March 1, 2016

On Friday GCTC saw press-conference of ISS-47/48 mission crews. Before the presss conference Interdepartmental Commission meeting Roscosmos, GCTC, RSC Energia and Federal Bio-Medical Agency representatives…

full story
January 26, 2016

Today, on Tuesday, Proton-M booster with Eutelsat-9B European telecommunication satellite was installed on the launchpad of Baikonur spaceport as planned, – Khrunichev Centre representative reports. The…

full story