trip-to-mars1-1024x834
July 17, 2013
Categories: IBMP, Russia, Satellites, Science

Russian scientists develop the idea of launching biological satellite to 200 000 km high orbit, – radiation protection department manager of Institute for Biomedical problems Vladislav Petrov reported to ITAR-TASS.

Like Bion-M satellite launched in April 2013 Vozvrat small space device will deliver biological objects to the space. The data received as a result of this experiment will enable to determine space radiation impact on living organism thus providing a basis for developing system protecting human organism from space radiation during Mars flight, – Petrov noted.

Vozvrat will be launched to 200 000 km high orbit apogee and after specified radiation exposure it will return back to the Earth.
At the present time we work over the substantial part of the project.

“TSNIIMASH set this task and Institute for Biomedical problems works over these issues to use possibilities available reasonably or to correct them”.

Satellite’s payload amounts to 300 kg. “It is too little to conduct serious experiment even on mice, – Petrov said. – The problem is how to build the structure of biological experiment to get the answers to all our questions under conditions of only 300 kg payload. We have some ideas but it is necessary that not only we but Roscosmos, TsSKB-Progress and TSNIIMASH are also interested in it.
In case of decision to put the project into life the satellite will be constructed by Samara Progress State Research and Production Space Centre. According to Petrov there is an idea of 2-stages project implementation: the first step is 1500 km high flight, to practice engineering and technical solutions, the second – to lunch Vozvrat to 200 000 km high orbit.

“We need to study the combined impact of radiation and other flight factors on biological objects under conditions of real space radiation. Vozvrat with its 1500 km height is suitable for this purpose as it flies in Earth radiation belt. Radiation exposure there exceeds exposure on low orbit 10-15 times. Then we will construct Vozvrat satellite flying at 200000 km height where cosmic rays exposure is the main factor affecting cosmonauts’ health”, – the scientist explained.

According to his predictions Institute for Biomedical Problems specialists have to work over all methodic aspects of this experiment by 2022 as well as to develop laboratory mock-ups of life-support equipment and conduct ground tests.
“If we launch Vozvrat in 2024 we will get the idea of how to protect the cosmonauts from radiation during Mars flight”, – Petrov concluded.

More from this category:
1010928003
November 25, 2014

At Plesetsk spaceport Aerospace Defence troops are  preparing Soyuz-2.1b booster for Glonass-K new generation space device launch scheduled for December 1, 2014, – Russian Ministry…

full story
soyuz-u
July 22, 2013

3 Soyuz boosters were delivered to Baikonur from Samara on July 19. The train was transferred to the launchpad 112 where the boosters will be…

full story
MGJmsn8_V1k
November 11, 2014

At 14.00, Moscow time, GCTC TU-134 aircraft with main Soyuz tMA-15M spacecraft crew comprising crew commnder Anton Shkaplerov ( Roscosmos), first flight engineer Samantha Christoforetti…

full story
Soyuz_docked
March 28, 2014

Soyuz TMA-12M spacecraft carrying new ISS mission crew successfully docked with the station in automatic mode, – MSC representative reported. Soyuz FG booster with Soyuz…

full story
0133
September 10, 2015

Dear space fans, Vegitel Tour Company announces group admission for next zero-g mixed group flight onboard IL-76 MDK scheduled for spring 2016. Do you still…

full story
2286528966
May 17, 2018

Since the beginning of our space era, cosmonauts have formed many wonderful traditions, that provide a connection between times and generations. Among them – a…

full story
Progress-M-19M
April 22, 2013

According to press-service of RSC Energia, at Baikonur launch site the preparations continue for the launch of Progress M-19M cargo vehicle under the International Space…

full story
465265357
June 6, 2014

Russian Soyuz-ST boosters with European satellites will be launched from equatorial Kourou spaceport in French Guiana in June and July 2014. The launch of Soyuz-ST…

full story