July 13, 2020

20 years ago, on July 12, 2000, the Proton-K launch vehicle launched from the Baikonur Cosmodrome. It launched the Zvezda service module, the third element of the International Space Station, into low Earth orbit.

A few days later, on July 26, 2000, the composition of the International Space Station was replenished with another Russian module – Zvezda. With the arrival of the service module at the station, a place appeared for the crew to live and work.

The creation of the International Space Station on orbit began on November 20, 1998 with the launch of its first module – the functional-cargo block Zarya. In December of that year, the Endeavor shuttle  launched the Unity connecting module into orbit and docked it with Zarya. In July 2000, the ISS was replenished with the third module. It was the service module “Star”.

By its purpose, the Zvezda module is the basis of the ISS Russian segment. It provides crew operations and station management with regularly changing configurations. At the beginning of station deployment, Zvezda served as the base unit of the entire station, the main place for the crew to live and work. The service module performed life support functions for all modules, altitude control over the Earth, power supply to the station, computer center, communication center, and the main port for Progress cargo ships. Over time, many functions were transferred to other modules, however, Zvezda will always remain the structural and functional center of the Russian segment of the space station.

On November 2, 2000, the crew of the first main expedition (ISS-1) arrived on the manned spacecraft Soyuz TM-31 – William Shepherd, Yuri Gidzenko and Sergey Krikalyov. Since that day, the International Space Station has become a permanently inhabited station. On its board, replacing each other, the crews of the main expeditions began to work for several months.

More from this category:
December 9, 2019

The “Progress MS-13” cargo spaceship on December 9, 2019 at 13:35:11 (Moscow time), in normal mode docked to the International Space Station (ISS). The docking…

full story
June 19, 2020

The launch of Angara-A5 heavy booster preliminary planned for November 03 according to the source. Thus the first from 2014 and the second in history…

full story
April 17, 2020

According to the International Space Station flight schedule, the transfer hatches between the Zvezda module and Soyuz MS-15 crewed spacecraft were closed at 22:44 UTC…

full story
November 29, 2018

On November 29, in accordance with the pre-launch preparation plan, the main and backup crews of the upcoming long-term expedition to the ISS conducted a…

full story
November 8, 2019

Today, on November 8, 2019, is a 15 years anniversary since the start of operation of the “Soyuz-2” launch vehicle of stage 1a. During this…

full story
November 6, 2015

Roscosmos cosmonaut Anatoly Ivanishin and JAXA astronaut Takuya Onishi passed exam on manual controlled descent. TS-7 specialized simulator on the basis of Tsf-7 centrifuge was…

full story
September 16, 2014

GCTC Research and Test Centre conducted a series of experiments for the benefit of future interplanetary flights and Solar system exploration in which Roscosmos cosmonaut…

full story
July 24, 2018

On July 25, 1984 Svetlana Savitskaya became the first woman of the Earth, who made an exit into the open space. Outside the station Svetlana…

full story