May 21, 2020
Categories: RSC Energia, Science

25 years ago, on May 20, 1995, the “Proton-K” launch vehicle with the “Spectrum” research module was launched from the Baikonur Cosmodrome under the construction program for the world’s first multimodular manned orbital complex “Mir”.

After a 12-day autonomous flight, on June 1, 1995, the module automatically approached the docking unit of the base station of the “Mir” station.

Then, “Spectrum” using a remotely controlled manipulator was re-docked to the side unit of the base unit and became part of the orbital complex.

During this period, the international crew of the 18th main expedition, consisting of cosmonauts Vladimir Dezhurov, Gennady Strekalov and astronaut Norman Tagard, worked at the station during this period.

The “Spectrum” module (index 77KSO) was developed with the leading role of NPO “Energia” based on the functional cargo compartment of the cargo vehicle.

The scientific equipment of the “Spectrum” was designed to observe the Earth and search for natural resources, study the upper atmosphere, near-Earth space and the influence of the space environment on various materials.

For the first time, on “Spectrum”, by agreement with NASA, American equipment was also installed for biomedical experiments to study the conditions of a person’s prolonged stay in space.

The use of this experience was supposed to create the future International Space Station.

The module also featured a unique system of high-power solar panels, which became an important source of power for the entire orbital complex.

The successful operation of the “Spectrum” in low Earth orbit continued until June 1997, when it was damaged as a result of a collision with the “Progress M-34” cargo ship during the development of the teleoperator control mode during the experiment with its repeated approach and docking.

Further repair measures as a result made it possible to restore the electric communication lines, but the depressurized module never returned to the normal flight mode.

It remained uninhabited as part of the “Mir” orbital complex for the entire remaining life, providing power to the station until its disposal on March 23, 2001.

More from this category:
September 27, 2019

On September 26, 2019, at 10:46 (Moscow time) from the Plesetsk State Testing Cosmodrome in the Arkhangelsk Region the crew of the Russian Space Forces…

full story
July 1, 2019

At the Baikonur cosmodrome intensive works continues on the upcoming launches of spacecrafts to the International Space Station (ISS), which are scheduled before the end…

full story
June 5, 2014

Space specialists go on working in accordance with the ISS program at Baikonur spaceport. RSC Energia specialists started preparing next manned spacecraft Soyuz TMA-14M for…

full story
September 2, 2014

Russian and American scientists started ambitious cosmonauts’ cognitive psychology studies to elaborate new methods and techniques of cosmonaut training for actions under extreme conditions, –…

full story
April 4, 2014

Russian Soyuz-ST booster with European scientific Earth remote sensing satellite was successfully launched from Kourou spaceport in French Guiana, – the Head of European space…

full story
May 20, 2019

On May 17, the assembly of the head part of the “Proton-M” space rocket for the launch of the Russian communications satellite “Yamal-601” began at…

full story
August 3, 2015

Roscosmos cosmonauts Gennady Padalka and Mikhail Korniyenko will perform a spacewalk scheduled for August. The cosmonauts will polish several windows of Zvezda service module from…

full story
April 9, 2020

Today, on April 9, 2020, at 11:05:06 (Moscow time), the “Soyuz-2.1a” launch vehicle with the “Soyuz MS-16” manned spacecraft launched from the platform № 31…

full story